About HP-35 — Facts and Trivia


Using the HP-35

Being the first of a new kind of calculator, the HP-35 doesn't appear as polished and easy to use as today's calculators. Here are a few points you may want to try out. Make sure RPN-35 is set to Vintage Mode.







Numeric precision


The HP-35's numeric precision was limited to 14-digit BCD numbers. Errors exceeding the last significant digit were rare. On the other hand, about 10,000 calculators produced in 1972 exhibited a ROM bug which caused a calculation like 2.02 LN ex to return 2.

A few noteworthy "bad" results:

Calculation       Correct       HP-35    Error
sin(5000)*10 -6.427876097 -6.427876027   70E-9
ln(0.9995)*10000 -5.001250417 -5.001250000  417E-9
1.000001^1E6 +2.718280469 +2.718281828 1359E-9
tan(89.99)/1000 +5.729577893 +5.729569869 8024E-9

Note: RPN-35 SD does not emulate these errors.




Technology


As can be seen in the picture at right, the HP-35 is basically built on five chips - a register and arithmetic chip, a timing chip, and three ROM (read-only memory) chips. Each ROM chip holds 2560 bits (that's bits, not bytes), arranged in 256 words of 10 bits each. The entire program, including all mathematical functions, fits in 768 words! A total of 30,000 transistors were involved - about 100,000 times less than the A8X chip inside the iPhone 6 Plus.

Data is shifted around serially, bit-by-bit. This is one reason for the rather low speed of operation. Another reason is the clock rate of 200 kHz. The design goal was to execute transcendental functions in less than a second. This was achieved quite nicely:

Operation Time (in ms)
Add, Subtract  60
Multiply, Divide 100
Square Root 110
Logarithmic and Exponential 200
xy 400
Trigonometric 500

Register space was so scarce that trigonometric operations had to use the stack
register T. After completion of the operation, the content of stack register Z was
copied to T.




Miscellaneous












Entering negative numbers













Inside the HP-35

 





From the Operating Manual

 


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